Based on a review of the available official data and a range of existing literature and grey material on the Missions, this paper assessed how the JNNURM and its Sub-Missions have affected infrastructure and governance outcomes in large, medium and small towns across the country.
Subodh Wagle, Smita Waingankar As part of the JNNURM, Government of Maharashtra enacted the Community Participation Law (CPL) to increase decentralisation in urban governance following the spirit of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act. The law was expected to decentralise governance functions and strengthen citizens’ participation in Ward Committees. The objective of this paper was to generate wider debate on the Community Participation Law, especially around the issues of structure, formation, functions and powers of Ward Committees and Area Sabhas (the new institutional mechanism). The document aimed to provide the knowledge-base to create an informed, analytically-sound, and state-wide debate, which then could be converted into citizen action.and Yacoub Zachariah.
Significant continuities and critical shifts in the forms, intensity, sources and instruments of violence have taken place since the 1990s when a number of changes were brought about in land markets of Mumbai. This paper views the impact of these shifts and the violence/s embedded therein along the state–market axis. Intense everyday violence enhances insecurity among residents, women and young girls in particular in highly complex ways. However, far from being passive victims of this violence/s they are engaged in highly creative struggles to confront the multi-institutional injustices experienced by them.